Canton, Mississippi is the county seat of Madison County, and is situated in the northern part of the metropolitan area surrounding the state capital, just North of Gluckstadt. Much of Canton is on the National Register of Historic Places. The courthouse square is a historic shopping district and host to the Canton Flea Market. The picturesque Georgian courthouse is particularly notable and often appears in photographic exhibits of the South. Although not a major battle site during the Civil War, Canton was important as a rail and logistics center. Canton is also rich in blues history centered on the juke joints of Hickory Street, known to locals as “The Hollow”, as well as other places in Canton. A Mississippi Blues Trail historic marker was placed in Canton on Hickory Street to honor the contribution of Elmore James to the development of the blues in Mississippi.
The opening of the Nissan Canton Vehicle Assembly Plant in 2003 was a groundbreaking moment, bringing automotive production to Mississippi for the first time. The plant has become a force for economic development, creating thousands of well-paying jobs and inspiring other auto companies and suppliers to set up operations in the state.
The City of Canton is served by the Canton Separate School District. Canton Academy, a private school is also located in Canton.
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